World war i and the middle east essay

How was the middle east affected by ww1

No representatives of these regions were privy to the agreement. Gelvin, these three promises were "relatively ineffective in determining the postwar settlement" [2]. Past and Present , pp. Sunnis occupy most of Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia and the southern parts of Turkey where they are mixed with the Kurds. He argues that Jews are despised all over the world, and are viewed as aliens that cannot be assimilated. However, according to the historian James L. To conclude, let us add that the importance of the Sykes-Picot agreement went far beyond the inter-war period. The south of what is today Syria as well as the current Jordan were to be a zone of British influence. The Husayn-McMahon correspondence was less significant, yet still determined part of the reorganization of the Middle East, through the power given to the Hashemite family in Iraq and Jordan. However, whereas the purpose of the alliance with Husayn was clearly tactical, namely to win the war against the Ottoman as well as to use the nationalist Arab movement as a potential tool against French's imperialist views [5] , the situation was much more complex in the case of the Lord Balfour Declaration. Indeed, the British were utterly concerned with the security of the sea routes leading to India, and thus of the stability of the Suez Canal region. But the tensions unleashed on the Arab world by World War I remain as acute as ever. Currently, the situation is hardly any better.

This is what this area was called after the British mandate. Dawn, C.

Effects of ww1 on middle east

On the Trail of W. Shiites also occupy southern Iraq as the majority. What was the Austria-Hungary Empire has become several countries including, Yugoslavia. Famine shadowed families and took many lives. What is today the North of Syria and the area of Mosul were to be a zone of French influence. In October , McMahon wrote Hussein a letter in which he declared Great Britain's willingness -- bar a few vague reservations -- "to recognize and support the independence of the Arabs within the territories in the limits and boundaries proposed by the Sherif of Mecca. At the time, however, the war aims of the two sides were determined by a world order that would dissolve within the next four years: Great Britain wanted to open a shipping route to its ally Russia and to secure its connection to India via the Suez Canal and the Persian Gulf. Credit: Library of Congress. The first sign of trouble between the two religious groups came just after the First World War when tension between the two groups grew when some Jews migrated to Palestine. Sunnis occupy most of Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia and the southern parts of Turkey where they are mixed with the Kurds. On the other side of the wall, in the red zone, death has once again become commonplace.

Whereas nationalist movements had opposed British or French occupation in Egypt and Iraq Britain and Syria Francecompeting nationalismsPalestinian and Zionist, existed in Palestine. Nevertheless, as far as the Middle East is concerned, it is certain that the British were willing to reinforce their control upon Palestine, because of its neighboring position with the Suez Canal.

No representatives of these regions were privy to the agreement. The Cold War ceased in Furthermore, Wilson condemned the secret diplomacy used by Europeans.

map of middle east after ww1

He argues that Jews are despised all over the world, and are viewed as aliens that cannot be assimilated. It was done arbitrarily to create conflict, turmoil and corruption, thus giving the British and the French control over the area.

World war i and the middle east essay

There were over 8, fatalities last year. This conflict in the Middle East caused many wars between Israel and its surrounding Arab states.

What happened to the middle east after ww1

One of Husayn's son, Faysal, had taken Damascus in September However, according to the historian James L. Apocalyptic scenarios are just as speculative as the hope that the region will find its way to new and more stable borders and improved political structures. In , their secret was disclosed by The Russian Government. That, though, is likely only to surprise those who saw the rebellions in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Syria as part of an historical turn of events for the Middle East. Hakan eds. Sunnis occupy most of Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia and the southern parts of Turkey where they are mixed with the Kurds. This is what this area was called after the British mandate.

To dig a little deeper and go back a little further in Middle East history one will find that this pattern of unrest stems from as far back as proof provides. The limited amount of natural resources in this region has arguably served as the most major source of conflict in the Middle East.

Middle east after ww2

Below is a map of Europe looked like in , after the war. First, what is today the north of Lebanon and the Cilicia were to be a space of French direct administration. They are also one of the largest populations of people in the world without a country. The states that were founded in the region after , and the borders that were drawn then, are still seen as illegitimate by many of their own citizens and by their neighbors. This was caused by a struggle for land in the state of what was known as Palestine but to many it is now known as Israel. United Nations ballistics experts say the poison gas projectiles that landed in the Damascus suburbs of Muadamiya and Ain Tarma in the morning hours of Aug. It appears clearly that the Sykes-Picot constituted a decisive framework for the reorganization of this region after World War I. He and his sons, Ali, Faisal and Abdullah -- together with the Damascus elite -- dreamed of founding an Arab nation state stretching from the Taurus Mountains in southeastern Turkey to the Red Sea and from the Mediterranean to the Iranian border. On the other hand, important new areas of research have opened, permitting the emergence of Arab and indigenous Jewish voices to be heard, as recounted by scholars. Charles D. That, though, is likely only to surprise those who saw the rebellions in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Syria as part of an historical turn of events for the Middle East. In London, strategists began considering an attempt to break the Dardanelles blockade and take Constantinople. A number of monographs argue that Sharif Husayn was not promised independence for the Arab lands or that the Sykes-Picot Agreement of fulfilled such promises that were made.

Indeed, the British were utterly concerned with the security of the sea routes leading to India, and thus of the stability of the Suez Canal region.

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World War I Led to a Century of Violence in the Middle East