The age of modernism and its artists

Why would the modernists shift their interest from nature and unto the city? The modernists concurred with Nietzsche that art had degenerated because it was too concerned with the rules of form and not enough with the creative energies that lie underneath the surface.

A historical age?

modernism philosophy

Once the submerged memory resurfaces in the conscious mind, the self becomes suspended, there might be a spontaneous flash of intuition about the past, and just maybe, this insight will translate into some kind of realization of the present moment.

London Underground logo designed by Edward Johnston. At the beginning of the 19th-century, the romantics had idealized nature as evidence of the transcendent existence of God; towards the end of the century, it became a symbol of chaotic, random existence.

Characteristics of modernism

Symbolism was largely a reaction against naturalism and realism, anti-idealistic styles that were attempts to represent reality in its gritty particularity, and to elevate the humble and the ordinary over the ideal. This rebellious attitude that flourished between and had, as its basis, the rejection of European culture for having become too corrupt, complacent and lethargic, ailing because it was bound by the artificialities of a society that was too preoccupied with image and too scared of change. Greenberg associated this with the revolutionary rejection of capitalism. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time. Sigmund Freud was the first to gaze inwardly and to discover a world within where dynamic, often warring forces shape the individual's psyche and personality. In other words, the rules of conduct were a restrictive and limiting force over the human spirit. Symbolism, on the other hand, favored spirituality, the imagination, dreams, emotions, and the personal subjectivity of the artist as a tool to illustrate larger truths. Artists of this newer generation pursued a more democratic, pluralistic mode for poetry and the novel. A curatorial tour-de-force by its two organizers, Christos M. In contrast to the Romantic world view, the Modernist cares rather little for Nature, Being, or the overarching structures of history. Then in James Joyce's Finnegans Wake appeared. Even if this engagement was mediated through the poetry, the relationship that poets had with their world was very real, and very much revealing of the state of things in the early twentieth century.

Rather, their rejection of conventional morality was based on its arbitrariness, its conformity and its exertion of control over human feelings. This stereotype continues unrivaled to this day, despite the fact that the most accomplished poets of the Modern period were far from recluses.

modernism art

A reaction then took place which was quickly identified as postmodernism. Key Terms Post-Impressionism: Art a genre of painting that rejected the naturalism of impressionism, using color and form in more expressive manners.

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