Boedhihartono, B. Levang, and F. This work would not have been possible without their valuable contributions. Hinnewinkel, C.
Rural forests therefore develop in a complex legal framework where state regulations, local customary systems, and de facto practices overlap; this can lead to conflict, resistance, manipulation or destruction, as well as to arrangements, cooperation, incorporation or hybridization of forestry legislations and customary regulations Aubert et al.
Baudot, D. Achdiawan, M. The Hierarchical Clustering Analysis of the variables provided seven distinctive classes see Appendix : Classes 1 and 3 variables are characteristic of group 4 forest sites Corsica, Cevennes, argan forest. They correspond to rural forests based on the use of a single tree species chestnut or argan for which knowledge related to control and domestication are important, as well as practices of transformation and value-added products.
Eleven situations of rural forests were analyzed by means of detailed, harmonized monographs, from developing and developed countries, and localized within contrasting ecological environments humid tropics, dry forests, temperate forests and socio-economic and public policies contexts.
Ecology and Society Special Feature Descola, P. Are local people conservationists? Julien, M.