Narcolepsy national sleep foundation
Some individuals with narcolepsy treated with high doses of the drug showed improved of daytime sleepiness. In narcolepsy, the immune system destroys certain brain cells that produce a peptide called hypocretin.
Standard Therapies Treatment The treatment of narcolepsy is directed toward the specific symptoms that are present in each individual.
Episodes may be chronic or constant. To determine if a person has narcolepsy, a thorough medical and sleep history, physical exam, and sleep studies, such as a polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test, need to be done.
People with narcolepsy frequently enter REM sleep rapidly, within 15 minutes of falling asleep.
Types of narcolepsy
Here are some guidelines for good sleep hygiene: Getting at least 7 hour sleep in a cool, darkened room can help establish good sleeping habits. Excessive daytime sleepiness EDS is usually the first symptom of narcolepsy. Popular Articles. A physical exam can rule out or identify other neurological conditions that may be causing the symptoms. Sleep biology The NINDS continues to support investigations into the basic biology of sleep, such as examining the brain mechanisms involved in generating and regulating REM sleep and other sleep behaviors. Researchers are also studying the role and implications of the immune system in the development of narcolepsy. All individuals with narcolepsy have EDS, and it is often the most obvious symptom. In general, antidepressants produce fewer adverse effects than amphetamines.
Narcolepsy usually begins in an adolescent whose initial symptoms are mild but worsen with age. Affected Populations The exact number of people with narcolepsy in the United States is unknown.
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that is characterized by excessive sleepiness, sleep attacks, sleep paralysis, hallucinations and, for some, sudden loss of muscle control cataplexy. Diagnosis Chronic daytime sleepiness can stem from a number of conditions.
Modafinil is usually prescribed first because it is less addictive and has fewer side effects than older stimulants.
Medications Modafinil. They may be briefly unable to move their limbs or heads or speak. In a normal sleep cycle, a person enters rapid eye movement REM sleep after about 60 to 90 minutes. Regular exercise is also recommended. In addition to drug therapy, many individuals have benefited from behavioral modification. They cannot recall their actions, and their performance is almost always impaired. A variety of drugs have been used to treat cataplexy. The incidence of narcolepsy is approximately 1 in 2, and most researchers believe that the disorder remains undiagnosed or misdiagnosed in many affected individuals. Despite disrupted sleep patterns, the total sleep time for people with narcolepsy in every 24 hour period is generally normal because they sleep repeatedly for short periods during the day and night.
It helps to learn best practices and access support through others who have the disorder.
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