Martin luther 95 theses painting

In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. The first was against the fifty-eighth thesis, which stated that the pope could not use the treasury of merit to forgive temporal punishment of sin. Luther states that indulgences cannot take away the guilt of even the lightest of venial sins.

Luther's response was angry and he expressed the opinion that Eck did not understand the matter on which he wrote. They preach man who say that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory].

In theses 48—52 Luther takes the side of the pope, saying that if the pope knew what was being preached in his name he would rather St. Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; He requested the opinion of theologians at the University of Mainz and conferred with his advisers.

Peter might have to be sold. Learn More about Martin Luther:.

Martin luther 95 theses painting

In theses 27—29, he attacks the idea that as soon as payment is made, the payer's loved one is released from purgatory. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God — this is madness. Luther also mentions the question of why the pope, who is very rich, requires money from poor believers to build St. In a postscript, Luther wrote that Albert could find some theses on the matter enclosed with his letter, so that he could see the uncertainty surrounding the doctrine of indulgences in contrast to the preachers who spoke so confidently of the benefits of indulgences. He assumes that Albert is unaware of what is being preached under his authority, and speaks out of concern that the people are being led away from the gospel, and that the indulgence preaching may bring shame to Albert's name. Cajetan did not allow Luther to argue with him over his alleged heresies, but he did identify two points of controversy. Corinthians xii. The bishops, curates and theologians who allow such talk to be spread among the people, will have an account to render. The imperfect health [of soul], that is to say, the imperfect love, of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy.

This was in reference to the obelisks used to mark heretical passages in texts in the Middle Ages. In reality, posting theses for a disputation would have been routine. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Poenitentiam agite, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance.

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Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ as do despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it no easy matter, even for learned men, to rescue the reverence due to the pope from slander, or even from the shrewd questionings of the laity.

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Martin Luther's 95 Theses