Similar rock festivals occurred in other parts of the country, which played a significant role in spreading hippie ideals throughout America. Hippie ideals had a marked influence on anarcho-punk and some post-punk youth subcultures, especially during the Second Summer of Love.
Although the Beat Generation was mostly a literary movement, it has been long studied as a movement that heavily influenced the musically charged hippie movement. The publishers won the trials, however, and publishing in the United States became more liberalized.
The classification of marijuana as a narcoticand the attachment of severe criminal penalties for its use, drove the act of smoking marijuana, and experimentation with substances in general, deep underground. Thanks to widespread economic prosperity, white, middle-class youth—who made up the bulk of the counterculture—had sufficient leisure time to turn their attention to social issues.
None of these trends reflected what the hippies had envisioned. People commonly label other cultural movements of that period as hippie, however there are differences.
Underground figure Barry Miles said, "The underground was a catch-all sobriquet for a community of like-minded anti-establishment, anti-war, pro-rock'n'roll individuals, most of whom had a common interest in recreational drugs. Counterculture in Art As with film, press, and music, art in the s responded to the new counterculture, primarily in pop art and psychedelic art.
Hippies opposed political and social orthodoxy, choosing a gentle and nondoctrinaire ideology that favored peace, love and personal freedom,   expressed for example in The Beatles ' song " All You Need is Love ".
Many males grew beards, and both men and women wore sandals and beads. They dressed as frontiersmen. It is widely regarded as a pivotal moment in popular music history and has been regarded as a cultural touchstone of the s.