Jazz music has created a sense of integration between blacks and whites in the industry.
The popularity of African American performers with white audiences brought about a number of racial conflicts. In the s, the Second Great Awakening led to a rise in Christian revivals and pietismespecially among African Americans.
Jazz categories include Dixieland, swing, bop, cool jazz, hard bop, free jazz, Third Stream, jazz-rock, and fusion Wheaton, Gerard adds that black musicians and the black middle class ceased to be ashamed of their culture with the civil rights movement and became proud of jazz music.
Tyers, the orchestra included banjos, mandolins, and baritone horns.
African-American musicians in the s and s were developing rhythm and blues into a genre called rock and rollwhich featured a strong backbeat and whose prominent exponents included Louis Jordan and Wynonie Harris.
Barbershop quartets originated with African-American men socializing in barbershops; they would harmonize while waiting their turn, vocalizing in spirituals, folk songs and popular songs.